State of the Swiss Market

Compared to other European markets the Swiss p2p lendng market has been late in developing. Regulatory hurdles and an upper limit on interest rates for consumer loans of 10% (12% for card loans) have slowed development of the market. But it seems that real estate loans finally delivered a break through in 2019-2021.

The new study ‘Marketplace Lending Report Switzerland 2022‘ by Simon Amrein, Nadine Berchtold and Andreas Dietrich of Lucerne University delivers a detailed analysis of the market.

According to the report there are currently 14 platforms active in the market:

swiss platforms
Source: Marketplace Lending Report Switzerland 2022, p. 7

Several banks and insurances have taken stakes in platforms:

  • Funders is operated by the Luzerner Kantonalbank and licensed to other cantonal banks
  • The Lendico platform was acquired from PostFinance by Lend (Switzerlend AG) in 2019. PostFinance has acquired a stake of Lend in a reciprocal move.
  • Neocredit was launched in 2019 by French platform and the insurance company Vaudoise. Since 2022, the Vaudoise Group has been the sole shareholder of
  • In December 2021 the Basellandschaftliche Kantonalbank bought a stake in swisspeers AG as a strategic investor.

According to the report the p2p lending segment reached a record volume of 607 million CHF new loans in 2021 with a growth rate of 35.5% from 2020 to 2021. The largest share 418 million CHF went to real estate loans. The major driver were loans to companies in the real estate business. Many of these loans are issued as short-term credits to be later redeemed by banks.

Switzerland p2p lending develoment of loan volume
Source: Marketplace Lending Report Switzerland 2022, p. 8

The study finds: ‘The COVID-19 crisis in 2020 has been  one of the biggest crisis in Switzerland during the last decade. Despite increased default rates , the returns both in the consumer and the SME segment remained positive and recovered in 2021. The current situation remains challenging for the economy and financial markets, given the high inflation and rising interest rates’.

returns of swiss p2p lending loans
Source: Marketplace Lending Report Switzerland 2022, p. 11

The study has several conclusions, some of which are:

  1. Rebound effect after COVID crisis: ‘Before the .. crisis returns … were high and risk – measured by default rates – low. The crisis was an important test, providing investors with a realistic risk and return profile of the asset class
  2. Changing interest rate environment is a test for online business models
  3. Sustainability is increasingly becoming a topic in the debt market
  4. More transparency, more relevance: ‘… Increased relevance will require more transparency in the market … for institutional and private investors

Interview with Ricardas Vandzinskas, CEO of Hive5

Can you please explain the business model?

Hive5* is a P2P marketplace that offers European investors to invest in group-owned loan originators. The first loan originator on the platform is Ekspres Pozyczka which facilitates short-term payday loans in Poland and business loans directly to the loan originator itself. Soon there will be more opportunities on the way: consumer loans from other European geographies, also different types of business loans – BNPL loans, green loans, estate loans and venture loans.


Why is Hive5 working with fully owned loan originators preferable versus working with external loan originators?

Key reasons why owned LO’s are way more secure than externals:

  1. Team of carefully pre-selected top rank and impeccable reputation professional management only.
  2. Corporate governance and complete transparency in front of shareholders, investors and regulators. Full access to regular performance monitoring, business planning and reporting.
  3. Control over risk appetite. Our polish Loan originator uses a fully automated risk decision engine backed with advanced self-learning analytics performed over the big data pool generated from a comprehensive list of integrations. This solution eliminates the fraud, and human factor and enables us to plan and control acceptable credit risk levels.
  4. Build and manage significantly increased group equity reserves since owned loan originators contribute the most significant share in returns on investment.


Investors can choose between several p2p lending platforms. Why should they invest in Hive5 rather than any of your competitors? Is there a USP?

Value proposal for investors:

  • Higher investment ROI. Until 17-10-2022, the interest rates are increased by +1%.
  • Buyback guarantee and skin in the game. Firstly, our Loan originator is obliged to Buyback the loan no later than 60 days after the loan payment due date, even if the loan is late or even if the end-borrower did not repay the loan to the lender. Both loan principal and accrued interest shall be repaid in full. Secondly, all our Hive finance group entities have a corporate policy to allocate at least 10% of equity into the provision funds, which shall be used as a buffer to secure our investors’ funds in case our Loan originator faces some financial difficulties.
  • Polish consumer loans. The biggest consumer market in Europe with a stable and growing economy.


Ri?ardas Vandzinskas, CEO of Hive5What is the background of the team?

Team of professionals only. Secondly, by saying, “we have a team of professionals”, we mean it. For instance, Head of Operations Inga Zubanov? and Head of Marketing and Communications Karolina Staugait? worked at the second largest P2P platform in the EU. Alexey Kalevich, The Chief Technology Officer, worked at an international group of financial companies. Regarding our first loan originator, “Ekspres Pozyczka “, – all the team members have great expertise in top finance companies. For example, before “Ekspres Pozyczka”, CEO Wojtek Homan was an executive at “Provident Finance”. We love what we do.


You are planning to expand the lending operations into different markets. Which are these, and what criteria do you apply to select these markets?

Diversification and global scale

Finally, as every educated investor knows, the necessity of diversification; soon, investors could experience broad diversification on one platform by investing in many different types of loans. Thus, we will relentlessly diversify within two mainstreams:

1) Geographic: “hive5” will phase its expansion into three continents: Europe, Africa and Asia.

2) Products: we have launched the platform by allowing investors to choose from consumer and business loans. That is only the beginning; soon enough, we will introduce many more secured business lending products, such as Green (or sustainable) loans, Equipment leasing, Sustainable Estate loans and BNPL powered by e-commerce.

Our target EU countries with at least 10 million inhabitants.


The p2p lending platform is currently registered in Croatia. How do you see the regulatory aspects of the way forward?

The next step in our licensing roadmap is to receive updated and clearly defined ECSP regulatory framework guidelines, which the European Commission shall announce in November this year. Based on those guidelines, we will start application preparation for the single licence “passporting” procedure allowing the provision of crowdfunding services in the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EAA).

We will keep you and all our investors constantly updated on this matter, as we consider it a solid extra mile of trust in front of our investors.


What’s your view on the economic outlook in Europe, especially regarding the countries your loan originators operate in?

In contrast to other EU countries, the economic outlook of 38 million populated Poland looks much brighter from a consumer lending perspective, even in these high inflation times. Firstly, Poland is one of the largest and fastest-growing EU economies with constantly rising purchasing power per capita. This means that before entering a turbulent economic cycle, this country and its consumers have accumulated much more buffer to absorb the downturns than the others. On top, very shortly, we will see traditional banks getting even more conservative against their current customers, which will instantly build an extra market of former prime customers. Needless to say, war refugees from neighbouring Ukraine instantly fill in the gaps in the workforce and contribute to local consumption. For us, the following months mean a heavy focus on controlling default rates when using our precision scoring engine; in simple words – more population to be scored before credit approval with adjusted risk tolerance levels.


What plans are on Hive5’s roadmap for the next six months?

Main KPI of Hive5* – at least 1000 active investors and 3 million EUR of the total loan portfolio by the end of this year.

Also, we will keep the promise to offer diversification on our platform. By now, investors can invest in consumer and business loans from Poland. Soon there will be more opportunities on the way: consumer loans from other European geographies, also different types of business loans – green loans, estate loans, BNPL and venture loans.

To make our platform stand out from a UX/UI perspective, we plan to implement more advanced and user-friendly features in the marketplace. thanks Ri?ardas Vandzinskas for the interview.

International P2P Lending Volumes September 2022

The table lists the loan originations of p2p lending marketplaces for last month. Mintos* leads ahead of Peerberry* and Assetz Capital*,. The total volume for the reported companies in the table adds up to 297 million Euro. I track the development of p2p lending volumes for many markets. Since I already have most of the data on file, I can publish statistics on the monthly loan originations for selected p2p lending platforms. This month I added Hive5.

Milestones crossed this month:

Investors living in national markets with no or limited selection of local p2p lending services can check this list of international investing on p2p lending services. Investors can also explore how to make use of current p2p lending cashback offers available. UK investors can compare IFISA rates.

Table: P2P Lending Volumes in September 2022. Source: own research
Note that volumes have been converted from local currency to Euro for the purpose of comparison. Some figures are estimates/approximations.

Links to the platforms listed in the table: Archover*, Assetz Capital*, Bondora*, Bulkestate*,*, Crowdproperty*, Debitum Network*, Esketit*, Estateguru*, Finansowo*, Finbee*, Folk2Folk*, Geldvoorelkaar*, Heavyfinance*, Investly*, Iuvo Group*, Kuflink*, Kviku.Finance*, Landlordinvest*, Lendermarket*, Linked Finance*, Mintos*, October*, Peerberry*, Proplend*, Reinvest24*, Robocash*, Soisy*, Swaper*, Twino*, Viainvest*.

Notice to p2p lending services not listed: Continue reading